Product Description

A beam coupling, also known as helical coupling, is a flexible coupling for transmitting torque between 2 shafts while allowing for angular misalignment, parallel offset and even axial motion, of 1 shaft relative to the other. This design utilizes a single piece of material and becomes flexible by removal of material along a spiral path resulting in a curved flexible beam of helical shape. Since it is made from a single piece of material, the Beam Style coupling does not exhibit thebacklash found in some multi-piece couplings. Another advantage of being an all machined coupling is the possibility to incorporate features into the final product while still keep the single piece integrity.

Changes to the lead of the helical beam provide changes to misalignment capabilities as well as other performance characteristics such as torque capacity and torsional stiffness. It is even possible to have multiple starts within the same helix.

 The material used to manufacture the beam coupling also affects its performance and suitability for specific applications such as food, medical and aerospace. Materials are typically aluminum alloy and stainless steel, but they can also be made in acetal, maraging steel and titanium. The most common applications are attaching encoders to shafts and motion control for robotics.

Please contact us to learn more.
 

Type Description Bore(mm)
BR D18L25 4~6.35
D20L25 4~8
D25L30 5~12
D32L40 8~16
DR D12L19 3~6
D16L24 3~6.35
D18L25 3~10
D25L30 5~14
BE D16L23 3~6
D18L25 3~6.35
D20L26 4~8
D25L31 5~12
D32L41 6~16

shaft coupling

Materials Used in Manufacturing Encoder Couplings

Encoder couplings are manufactured using a variety of materials, each chosen for its specific properties and suitability for the intended application. Commonly used materials include:

1. Aluminum: Aluminum is lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and offers good machinability. It is often used for encoder couplings in applications where weight reduction and moderate torque transmission are important.

2. Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is known for its excellent corrosion resistance and durability. It is commonly used in environments where exposure to moisture, chemicals, or harsh conditions is a concern.

3. Steel: Steel is robust and offers high strength, making it suitable for heavy-duty applications with higher torque requirements. It can be further treated for enhanced corrosion resistance.

4. Brass: Brass provides good corrosion resistance and electrical conductivity. It is often used in applications where electrical isolation between components is necessary.

5. Plastics: Various engineering plastics such as nylon, polyurethane, and PEEK (polyether ether ketone) are used in encoder couplings. These materials offer good wear resistance, low friction, and electrical insulation.

6. Carbon Fiber: Carbon fiber is a lightweight, high-strength material known for its exceptional stiffness-to-weight ratio. It is used in applications where minimizing weight while maintaining rigidity is crucial.

7. Composite Materials: Composite materials combine different materials to achieve specific properties. They can offer a combination of strength, rigidity, and lightweight characteristics.

The choice of material depends on factors such as the application’s requirements, environmental conditions, torque and speed specifications, and the need for electrical insulation or conductivity. When selecting the material for an encoder coupling, it’s essential to consider the mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties required for optimal performance and longevity.

shaft coupling

Impact of Encoder Resolution on Choice of Coupling

The encoder resolution plays a crucial role in selecting an appropriate coupling for your system. Encoder resolution refers to the number of distinct positions a rotary encoder can detect in one full rotation. Here’s how encoder resolution impacts the choice of coupling:

1. Precision Requirements:

Higher encoder resolutions provide finer position accuracy. If your application demands high precision and accuracy, such as in robotics or CNC machines, a coupling that minimizes backlash and offers precise torque transmission is essential.

2. Backlash Sensitivity:

As encoder resolution increases, the system becomes more sensitive to backlash (play between coupling components). To mitigate this, a coupling with minimal backlash, such as a zero-backlash or low-backlash coupling, is recommended to ensure accurate position feedback.

3. Dynamic Response:

Higher encoder resolutions allow systems to detect even small movements, improving dynamic response. For applications requiring rapid and accurate positioning changes, a coupling that provides high torsional stiffness and low wind-up is beneficial.

4. Mechanical Compliance:

Low-resolution encoders may tolerate some misalignment due to their coarser feedback intervals. However, high-resolution encoders are more sensitive to misalignment, making it important to choose a coupling that accommodates misalignment while maintaining signal accuracy.

5. Coupling Selection:

For high-resolution encoders, consider couplings that provide precision, low backlash, and accurate torque transmission, such as beam couplings, bellows couplings, or Oldham couplings. These couplings help maintain the integrity of position feedback and optimize system performance.

6. Environmental Factors:

The operating environment can affect the choice of coupling. For applications with extreme conditions, such as temperature fluctuations or aggressive chemicals, select a coupling material that can withstand these conditions without compromising the encoder’s accuracy.

Ultimately, the encoder resolution influences the coupling choice by demanding a coupling that complements the precision, accuracy, and dynamic performance required by the application.

shaft coupling

Facilitating Precise Signal Transmission with Encoder Couplings

An encoder coupling plays a crucial role in facilitating precise signal transmission between the encoder and the shaft in motion control and automation systems. Here’s how it works:

1. Minimizing Misalignment: Encoder couplings are designed to accommodate various types of misalignment, including angular, axial, and radial misalignment. By allowing controlled flexibility, the coupling minimizes the stress on both the encoder and the shaft, ensuring accurate signal transmission.

2. Reducing Backlash: Backlash is the amount of movement a system can experience before the motion is effectively transferred. High-quality encoder couplings have minimal backlash, ensuring that the encoder’s output accurately corresponds to the shaft’s movement.

3. Increasing Torque Transmission: Encoder couplings provide efficient torque transmission between the encoder and the shaft, allowing the encoder to accurately detect changes in position or speed.

4. Enhancing Response Time: The mechanical properties of the encoder coupling ensure that any changes in the shaft’s position or movement are promptly transmitted to the encoder. This results in a faster response time and more accurate signal feedback.

5. Reducing Signal Disturbances: Vibrations, shocks, and other disturbances in machinery can negatively impact signal accuracy. A well-designed encoder coupling dampens vibrations and disturbances, ensuring that the encoder receives a clean and accurate signal.

6. Compensating for Thermal Expansion: In some applications, temperature changes can cause the shaft and encoder to expand or contract at different rates. Encoder couplings accommodate these thermal variations, preventing signal discrepancies caused by thermal expansion.

Overall, the encoder coupling acts as a reliable intermediary between the encoder and the shaft, ensuring that the signal accurately reflects the shaft’s position, speed, and movement. This precise signal transmission is essential for the accurate control and performance of motion control and automation systems.

China best CNC Motor Helical Shaft Coupler Beam Coupling Connect Encoder  China best CNC Motor Helical Shaft Coupler Beam Coupling Connect Encoder
editor by CX 2023-09-05